通譯園地

【九屆通譯杯】大賽輔導-聽辨1

 2019-10-11    通譯翻譯|同聲傳譯

大賽輔導-聽辨1

 

聽辨能力是口譯最基礎的能力之一,提高聽辨能力固然有一些技巧可循,卻沒有捷徑可走,大量練習,創造語言環境才是必經之路。今天就通過實踐來跟大家探討一下提高聽辨能力的一些技巧。

英語聽辨當中有一些常見的挑戰,如講者的口音,有些同學比較適應美式英語的讀音,聽到英式英語的發音仿佛聽到另一種語言;又如連讀和語速過快,讓部分同學分不清語塊,進而造成信息的遺漏。

對于不同的英語口音問題,大家應該抱著一種開放的心態去探尋其中的樂趣,不同地區的人們口音不同,但說的確實是同一門語言,這不是很有意思的事情嗎?進一步,在大量聽過不同口音的語段篇章之后,我們可以進一步去總結不同口音當中的發音方式,總有一定規律可供參考。例如日本口音的英語當中“r”的音經常和“l”混淆,印度口音的英語“th”在發音時常會省略成【t】等等。

而對于語速過快、信息過多這樣的挑戰,建議同學們可以在練習時通過進階的方式,逐步增大語段和篇章的長度和難度,不要一蹴而就,給自己立下心理陰影。當然,幾班是循序漸進,也終有一天會遇到同樣的問題,這種時候,我們可以采取兩個不同的策略,一種是做精聽練習:那就是不斷地重復同一語段,直到能夠聽懂全部內容,做這樣的練習可能會遇到一些生詞,建議在精聽過程中把這些生詞也記下來留作積累;另一種則是做泛聽練習;遇到聽不懂的語段,先不要太過糾結,繼續往下聽,聽完整個篇章之后,通過上下文的意思,起始段落內容的提示去補充沒有聽到的部分,然后在做重復,這樣的練習方式與精聽練習相比不那么容易覺得沮喪,更容易堅持。但兩種練習方式還是應該相互結合,才能全面鍛煉自己的英語聽辨能力。

以上就是一些關于提高英語聽辨能力的方法和技巧的探討,接下來請同學們用下面的語段來進行練習吧!


參考文本: 

Here’s a short piece from the August 2018 issue of the magazine, in the section called Advances: Dispatches from the Frontiers of Science, Technology and Medicine. Bloodthirsty by Rachel Nuwer.

Mosquitoes are the world's deadliest animals, transmitting diseases that kill hundreds of thousands of people annually. Only the females bite, to acquire protein to make their eggs. But blood can also serve as a refreshing beverage on a hot, dry day.

A new study finds that dehydrated mosquitoes are more aggressive, land more often on hostsand feed more frequently than those with ready access to water. In quenching their thirst, they may also increase the spread of disease. The study is by Joshua Benoit, the biologist at the University of Cincinnati and his colleagues, it appeared in May in Scientific Reports. Because some mosquitoes lay their eggs on water, researchers have long assumed that wetter conditions lead to more mosquito-borne illness. Yet recent studies have hinted at the opposite, linking increased transmission of diseases such as West Nile fever to droughts. Benoit and his colleagues' discovery helps to resolve these counterintuitive findings.

Benoit became interested in the impact of dehydration on mosquito-feeding behavior by accident: a worker dropped a container of water-deprived mosquitoes and noticed that they dive-bombed him with much greater vigor than usual. The researchers studied three mosquito species that transmit yellow fever, Zika or West Nile fever. They exposed hundreds of insects to different temperatures and humidity levels in cages with or without access to water and nectar (mosquitoes' preferred sugar source). They then tested how often the pests chose to bite a "host": in this case a warm, waxy plastic membrane coated in artificial sweat and filled with chicken blood.

Within a few hours up to 30 percent of mosquitoes without water fed on their host's blood—compared with 5 to 10 percent of those that had water.

These findings have real-world applications for predicting rates of disease transmission.

That was Bloodthirsty by Rachel Nuwer.


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